NASAL PASSAGE DISPLACEMENT
A deviated septum is a common structural issue affecting the nose. It occurs when the thin wall of cartilage and bone (the nasal septum) that separates the two nasal passages is displaced to one side, making one nasal passage smaller than the other.
This condition can be present at birth (congenital) or develop as a result of injury or trauma to the nose.
A deviated septum can range from mild to severe, and not everyone with this condition experiences noticeable symptoms. Common symptoms may include:
Nasal congestion. One nostril may feel more blocked than the other, leading to difficulty breathing through one side of the nose.
Nosebleeds. The uneven airflow and irritation in the nasal passages can lead to occasional nosebleeds.
Recurrent sinus infections. The reduced airflow can make one side of the nose more susceptible to infections.
Loud breathing or snoring. In severe cases, a deviated septum can contribute to noisy breathing during sleep.
Facial pain or pressure. Some individuals may experience facial pain, especially when congestion is more pronounced.
A deviated septum is typically diagnosed through a physical examination of the nose and nasal passages by a healthcare provider or an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialist.
In some cases, imaging studies like a nasal endoscopy or a CT scan may be used to assess the extent of the deviation.